By the end of the work period, Marine and Fisheries Ministry of the Republic of Indonesia reported their quadrennial working performance. “Indonesia has been committed to be the world’s maritime power,” said The President of the Republic of Indonesia, Mr. Joko Widodo regarding to his work program related to marine affairs. The Ministry under the leadership of Mrs. Susi Pudjiastuti addressed his vision into three main focuses: Sovereignty, Sustainability, and Prosperity. “In the last 4 years, Indonesia has done regoverning and restructuring Indonesian fisheries,” said Mrs. Susi Pudjiastuti.
Sovereignty : Ascendancy of Indonesian Sea Law Enforcement
“Sovereignty: We are declaring a National Commitment to eradicate illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing,” said Mrs. Susi. This commitment to achieve sovereignty have been implemented by several action plans, such as form a Task Force 115 which confirmed by Mrs.Susi has been succeeded to guard Indonesian seas without discrimination and compromise.
Indonesia’s sea sovereignty also constituted by means of a moratorium on ex-foreign fishing vessels, and the enforcement of several new rules, such as a ban on transshipment at sea. Until the beginning of 2019, 488 illegal fishing vessels were reported to be drowned.
Sustainability : Protecting Fish Remain a Lot
The second focus of The Ministry is sustainability. “Since the government envision to make our sea and ocean to be our future, so our natural resources at sea will be remain a lot,” Said Mrs. Susi.
The sustainability of Indonesian fisheries has been implemented by several programs, such as prohibition to non-environmental friendly fishing gear, restrictions on catching crabs and lobsters, slaughtering lobster seed smuggling, and prohibition on destructive fishing.
The Ministry has been running conservation program also, such as Releasing Crab and Lobster Laying, Rehabilitation of Coastal Areas and Conservation of Marine Resources, and Early Education to Loving Sea. The number of marine conservation areas in Indonesia has been reaching 14 million km2 by now.
The Ministry also initiate beach and sea cleaning movement at 73 cities in 2018, such as Batam, Cirebon, Tanjung Benoa Bali, Merthasari Beach, Labuan Bajo, and Wakatobi. The total amount of waste that succeeded to be collected reached up to 366.549 kgs.
Diplomacy was also taken to reach out the sustainability of Indonesian and Global Seas. Indonesia was honored to be the host of “Our Ocean Conference” in 2018 at Nusa Dua Bali. This conference resulted 305 marine commitments.
Prosperity : Eventually, It is for Indonesian Citizen Only
“Sovereignty of Indonesian seas is addressed for domestic capital, local businessmen, local vessels, and local crews only,” explained Mrs. Susi. This focus is regulated legally in Presidential Decree Peraturan Presiden No.44 / 2016 which mention that fish must be caught only by Indonesian fishermen.
This prosperity program also providing fishing boat and environmental friendly fishing gear, insurance for fishermen and fish cultivator, biofloc, seed aid, minapadi, establishing Micro Fishermen Financial Institution (BLUKP), training and development for fishermen, and also building an SKPT as the new economic growth center.
As the result of those three focuses or programs in the last 4 years, the total amount of Indonesian fish is evidently increasing. The number of potential fish resources (MSY) in Indonesia reached 12,54 million tons / year in 2017 based on Ministerial Decree KPNo.50/KEPMEN–KP /2017, after previously only reached 7,31 million tons / year in 2013.
In addition, the total amount of fisheries products which being exported, the exchange rate of fishermen, and fish consumption has been increasing. The human resource and competency on fisheries field has been increasing also through STP. The Ministry has built more than 10 Maritime and Fisheries Polytechnic, spread out from Dumai to Sorong, which 50% of the student quota destined for fishermen’s children.
The Ministry committed to ensure that Indonesian citizen could savor welfare from the sea. “We are very grateful to have Mrs.Susi as our Minister, we as small fishermen really feel that there is a lot of improvement,” said Mr. Hopmi Masiworu, the captain of fish boat in Bitung.
Source : https://youtu.be/1Uk8JBOcTgE
Picture credit: KKP
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